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HRS 1308 Backbarrow iron works, furnace 1970

Backbarrow Ironworks: "One of the oldest continuously worked ironmaking sites in Britain ... There was a weir and bloomery forge here around 1685 & then a blast furnace and refinery 1711-12. Charcoal was used as a fuel until about 1920 (hence the huge amount of coppicing locally KH) when coke was substituted. The present furnace (the one illustrated KH) ceased production in 1967. In 1870 the original charcoal furnace was in operation with a waterwheel driving iron bellows." (Industrial Archaeology of the Lake Counties, M Davies-Shiel & JD Marshall, David & Charles 1969. Important association with John Wilkinson, the ironmaster.
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Keywords:backbarrow iron works, bertie wycherley, cumbria, furnaces, iron-making, john wilkinson, lake district, leven valley

HRS 1308 Backbarrow iron works, furnace 1970